Each ancient capital of Vietnam is associated with important historical dynasties of the nation, the remaining relics also attract a large number of tourists from near and far to visit and explore.
The ancient capitals of Vietnam are now famous tourist destinations
1. Co Loa Citadel
Co Loa Citadel is one of the famous ancient capitals of Vietnam , located in 3 communes Co Loa, Viet Hung, Duc Tu, Dong Anh district, Hanoi today. From the center of the capital, visitors travel about 24 km to come to this ancient citadel, discover the unique and timeless architectural imprint of Co Loa Thanh.
Co Loa Thanh is located in Dong Anh district, Hanoi today. Photo: @hoangbui12
Historically, Co Loa citadel was built in the 3rd century BC under King An Duong Vuong. This is a capital with beautiful terrain, located at the top of the triangle of the Red River Delta. This place has important strategic significance in both road and waterway, associated with the development of many generations of ancient Vietnamese.
The citadel is a familiar check-in place for many young people. Photo: @nvhnhu__
Today, Loa Thanh is a destination in Hanoi that is visited by many tourists. The citadel was built with 9 spiral walls. However, up to now, there are only 3 rounds, namely the outer citadel, the loyal citadel and the inner citadel. The outer citadel and the citadel were built with relatively similar structures. Particularly, the inner city is the place where the king and the court officials live.
Co Loa citadel with ancient architectural imprints. Photo: @anhanh1331
Coming to this ancient capital of Vietnam, visitors have the opportunity to admire an ancient colorful architecture, reflected through archways, stone walls, tile roofs and temple systems. Visiting Co Loa Thanh, you remember to visit Thuong Temple – An Duong Vuong temple with impressive carvings and mascots in front of the temple gate.
International tourists check in Co Loa Thanh. Photo: @guinness_n_hand
In addition, in the complex of Co Loa citadel, there are also jade wells, Co Loa communal house, Ba Chua am, Cao Lo temple, etc. In particular, if you come here on the 6th – 16th of the first lunar month every year, visitors will be participate in the festival to commemorate the merits of building the ramparts of Thuc Vuong. This is a well-organized festival, similar to the Hung Kings Festival.
2. Hoa Lu Ancient Capital
Hoa Lu ancient capital is also a famous ancient capital of Vietnam , not only attracting domestic tourists but also a destination visited by many international tourists. Historically, Hoa Lu was the capital of Dai Co Viet under the reigns of King Dinh and Tien Le, which lasted from 968 to 1009. Hoa Lu citadel is located in the rugged limestone mountains, with important strategic significance. militarily.
Hoa Lu ancient capital is a famous destination in Ninh Binh. Photo: @hoangthi_aries
Nowadays, Hoa Lu ancient capital is located in Truong Yen commune, Hoa Lu district, Ninh Binh province. This historical site is recognized by UNESCO as one of the four core areas of the Trang An World Heritage complex, a destination not to be missed when traveling to Ninh Binh .
Hoa Lu ancient capital belongs to Trang An Heritage complex. Photo: @valvet92
Hoa Lu Citadel was built with a scale of up to 300 hectares, the structure includes outer citadel, inner citadel and southern citadel. The complex of the citadel was surrounded by a magnificent natural landscape, with identical limestone mountains, beautiful rivers, streams, and valleys, creating a great work at that time.
The complex of Hoa Lu ancient capital used to be 300 hectares wide. Photo: @dth___
Today, Hoa Lu ancient capital has become an architectural complex, a particularly important national historical relic belonging to Trang An Scenic Landscape, a famous destination in the North of our country. Visiting Hoa Lu ancient capital, visitors have the opportunity to explore the temple of King Dinh and King Le built in the 17th century with elaborate stone carving art.
A famous destination visited by many tourists in Ninh Binh. Photo: @nerissatruong
Every year, from March 8 to 10, the traditional festival of Hoa Lu ancient capital takes place to remember the great merits of the kings and national heroes who built and developed the once flourishing Hoa Lu capital. . Participating in this festival, visitors can experience many interesting activities such as boat racing, cheo singing, wrestling, etc.
3. Hue ancient capital
One of the famous ancient capitals of Vietnam is Hue, located on the north bank of the Perfume River. Historically, Hue citadel was the reigning place of 13 Nguyen kings, lasting from 1802 to 1945. Today, Hue ancient capital is a complex of historical, architectural and cultural architectural significance. important.
Hue ancient capital is a famous destination on the tourist map of Vietnam. Photo: @centralvietnamguide
The architectural system of the ancient capital of Hue includes 3 majestic citadel: Hue Citadel , Hue Imperial Citadel and Forbidden Citadel. All three citadels were built in a symmetrical layout on a vertical axis running from the South to the North. The highlight of the Hue citadel system is the unique and impressive combination of East-West architecture.
Hue ancient capital consists of more than 100 large and small works. Photo: @lnhtrg
Like the ancient capital of Hoa Lu Ninh Binh, the ancient capital of Hue was built in a beautiful natural context with famous landscapes such as the poetic Perfume River, Ngu Binh mountain, etc., which has become a beautiful symbol of Vietnam. Hue for a long time. Therefore, when exploring the ancient capital of Hue, visitors can both admire the magnificent works and admire the poetic natural scenery.
Visitors can visit Ngo Mon, the system of mausoleums and palaces belonging to the complex of Hue Citadel. Photo: @lenglynnn
According to recorded history, Hue ancient capital was built from 1804 to 1833 under the reign of King Minh Mang. It is estimated that there are about 100 large and small works in the system of Hue citadel. Today, when coming here, visitors should take the time to explore the Ngo Mon Gate, Thai Hoa Palace, Dien Tho Palace, Duyet Thi Duong, Can Chanh Palace, etc. to fully admire the architectural imprints that our ancestors made. construction hard.
4. Imperial Citadel of Thang Long
One of the ancient capitals of Vietnam that is most visited by tourists today is the Imperial Citadel of Thang Long. Thang Long Citadel is located at 19C Hoang Dieu, Dien Bien ward, Ba Dinh district, right in the heart of the capital. In fact, this cluster of relics is adjacent to 4 streets Phan Dinh Phung, Dien Bien Phu, Nguyen Tri Phuong and Hoang Dieu.
Imperial Citadel of Thang Long is located in Ba Dinh district. Photo: @charmingguyen
In 2010, Unesco recognized the central relic of Thang Long Imperial Citadel as a World Cultural Heritage. This site has become a place of scientific research and a famous destination of the capital. Although not as intact as more than 1000 years ago, but Hoang Thanh still appears with majestic and magnificent beauty in the heart of Ba Dinh district.
The poetic Hoang Dieu Street runs along the citadel. Photo: @huyen.oc
The Imperial Citadel of Thang Long officially became the capital of Vietnam when King Ly Thai To moved the capital from Hoa Lu to Dai La and built this citadel. The work was built according to the structure of the three citadels, including: La Thanh, Imperial Citadel and Forbidden City, respectively for the people, the mandarins and the king to live in.
In the citadel there are museums displaying many historical artifacts. Photo: @meipokeito
Today, the total area of Thang Long Imperial Citadel is about 18,395 hectares, including the ancient citadel relic with symbols such as Hanoi flagpole, Doan Mon, Bac Mon, Hau Lau, Kinh Thien palace, wall and 8 gates. unique bow. To explore all the items in the Imperial Citadel, visitors need about half a day for travel activities, enjoying the impressive architectural beauty of the time.
Traveling to Hanoi cannot miss the Imperial Citadel of Thang Long. Photo: @hey_duong
Each ancient capital of Vietnam is associated with glorious historical dynasties in the past, and at the same time becomes an attractive tourist destination today. Whether it is the ancient capital of Co Loa, Hoa Lu, the ancient capital of Hue or the Imperial Citadel of Thang Long, all are the national pride of the Vietnamese people, and are significant historical and cultural values that need to be promoted to international friends.
Keyword: The most famous ancient capitals of Vietnam, with ancient beauty attract many visitors to check in